SpaceX, Lunar orbit, Spaceflight Industries, Spacecraft, NASA, Moon landing End Game!!! The Company That SpaceX Challenged completely be DESTROYED!!

The us now has about 5 582 space focused companies almost 10 times more than that next country, the uk, which has 615, and there are more than 10 000 total globally elon musk spacex might get all the headlines today, but there was a time not long ago That another company was the biggest name behind nasas ambitious space exploration projects. This company was none other than kistler aerospace. Perhaps this is the first time youve heard of this name because of the fact it has completely disappeared. What was kisler aerospace and how did spacex relate to its destruction? Kistler aerospace was founded in kirkland, washington by walter kistler and bob citron in 1993. As a private company, the companys mission was attempting to develop fully reusable vehicles capable of earth orbit at a minimal price. Its worth, noting that rob meyerson who later went on to become president of blue origin, was a senior manager at kistler aerospace from 1997 to 2003.. The ceo was george muller, who previously had been a leader of nasas apollo program. In february 2006, kister was purchased by the majority owner of rocket plane, limited inc, a competing reusable private spacecraft, firm, kister aerospace continued to operate until its closure under the name rocket plane kistler in the early 2000s nasa knew that the space shuttle stays were numbered without The shuttle the only way to resupply the international space station was to use foreign vehicles like the russian suyu spacecraft and the us didnt want to have to rely on foreign governments for much.

The agency did what it often does. In february 2004, it awarded a contract to an american aerospace company to develop a product. It needed, in this case, a new launch system to take cargo to the iss. The award was given to kissler aerospace. Kistler had been developing a rocket called the k1 since 1994, partially funded by another contract the company had with nasa since 2001., the company had filed for bankruptcy protection in 2003, so the 227 million dollar award in 2004 small in comparison to the 196 billion dollar inflation Adjusted nasa spent on the shuttle program was a major boon to kissler. There was only one problem. The month after the contract was announced, it was protested by a tiny, barely known company at the time called space exploration technologies. Corporation spacex. For short, the 2004 kissler contract was awarded non competitively as founder. Elon musk put it in his april 1 2004 update to investors, giving a quarter billion dollars to a company like kistler, which declared bankruptcy last year and has not managed to build a complete prototype in 11 years of operation without even holding a competition sends a very Negative signal to the marketplace: spacex asked the gao to rule on the validity of such a sole source. Non compete, contract gao sided with spacex and the kistler contract was withdrawn. In july 2004. Nasa was forced back to the drawing board. It needed a way to resupply the iss. It didnt have tens of billions of dollars to spend, so it had to leverage the commercial space industry instead of giving a lucrative cost plus contract to a traditional contractor, and it needed a fair process to award development funds.

What it came up with was called commercial orbital transportation services, cots cot selected private space companies to develop and demonstrate new capabilities to resupply the iss, with funding based on the achievement of business and technical milestones. Finding hungry partners and using a milestone based payment schedule turned out to be a winning combination. It allowed the companies to move at their own natural speed, not waiting for nasa to approve specific elements. It didnt allow nasa to come back with updated requirements. Something cosplus contractors were happy to accept because it lets them raise their costs. The result fast moving startups working with nasa without losing their edge legally cots, was not a procurement and thats. What made the program possible in addition to this legal distinction cots differs from traditional procurements in other ways. First, each of the companies selected was expected to pay part of its own development costs. This ensured that the companies were building something useful that they could go on to commercialize like the falcon 9. musk would not have agreed to construct something new if they knew it would not be efficient long term. Second, the use of fixed price milestone based payments, limited the amount of oversight necessary to ensure success. It allowed nasa to turn over development entirely to the companies, knowing that it was only on the hook for payments when the program successfully met predefined, milestone criteria. Third, nasa didnt dictate the vehicles requirements. They evaluated the proposals based on the goal of providing reliable cargo service to the iss, but they didnt specify the technical means that participants could use to achieve that goal.

How costs turned out the initial funding for cost was 500 million dollars, of which nasa received 15 million for administrative expenses? The agency solicited proposals from the commercial space industry and selected six semi finalists in may 2006.. In august it announced the two phase. One winners: one was rocket plane, kisler rpk, the successor company of kistler aerospace. After an acquisition by rocket plane, limited, which was still developing. The k1 rpk was awarded a 207 million dollar deal. The other winner was spacex, which was awarded the remaining 278 million. It was developing the falcon 9 rocket and the dragon capsule rpk only ended up receiving 32.1 million of its potential 207 million dollar award because it failed to achieve its milestones. Nasa terminated its contract in october 2007.. Its worth dwelling on this fact imagine what would have happened if spacex hadnt protested, kistlers 2004 contract with nasa kisler would have proceeded with its original 227 million dollar award, likely with the same underperformance. It demonstrated under cots without the milestone based exit valve nasa, would have continued to pay out funds for a project whose schedule kept slipping after the 227 million dollars had been spent. Nasa might have felt it had no choice but to continue throwing good money after bad. With the majority of the money allocated to rpk still available to nasa after the contract termination nasa offered a second round of funding in the second round it awarded 170 million to orbital sciences corporation for the development of its antares rocket and cygnus spacecraft, both spacex and Orbital sciences completed their projects and received the full awards.

They were offered nasa added, more milestones and more funding near the end of the programs to pay for a demonstration of cargo delivery to the iss in total. The funding for the program was 800 million. For this sum, tiny by the agencys usual standards for launch vehicles, nasa got access to two separate options for cargo delivery to the iss from u.s soil by comparison nasas conventionally procured space launch system currently in development has cost the agency 20 billion dollars already and has Not yet flown in addition to providing nasa with a cargo option, spacex went on to make the first stage of the falcon 9 reusable igniting the commercial space revolution and making it the most successful commercial rocket of all time back to kissler what happened to them. Then they went on a downward spiral due to financial difficulties. The company had laid off most of its employees by february 2009 and consolidated business operations in wisconsin, the home state of the company president, the company collected 18 million dollars in state tax breaks, but its rocket plane, xp spacecraft, never materialized. The company closed its oklahoma city headquarters and relinquished its hangar at burns flat on june 15, 2010 rocket, plane inc, as well as its subsidiaries and its ceo george french filed for chapter 7 bankruptcy after 17 years of attempted development. The bankruptcy paperwork for rocket plane, kistler listed 108 250 in assets, including hardware and tooling, for the k1 rocket, as well as many unvalued patents and trademarks pertained to the rocket secured liabilities, were claimed at 3.

7 million dollars, with unsecured liabilities listed at just under 3.7 million Dollars as well in december 2011, all the assets of rocket plane, kistler were acquired by space assets, llc and a new company kistler space systems was founded. However, as of mid 2020, the companys website seems to have been abandoned, and that concludes todays episode as always thumbs up. If you liked todays episode subscribe, if you havent and hit the bell, so you wont miss out on new spacex fans content. Thank you. So much for your continued support from all of us here at spacex fans.

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