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Aurora, Solar flare, Sun HOCKING: First Images of The Suns Surface. What have we discovered?

We can see every single day from the earth., Yet there are shockingly few pictures of the Suns surface.. Here are some of the first pictures of the Suns surface as well as a few other interesting facts about the sun. In February of 2020, NASA and the European Space Agency ESA, in a joint program, launched the Solar Orbiter. With a mission cost of 1.5 billion. This would be the closest that any made object has ever gotten to the sun in history.. The Solar Orbiter is sometimes considered the most heat resistant object. Nasa has ever made and thats important when youre literally going towards the sun.. Currently, the Solar Orbiter is in its cruise stage and not in its orbit stage, which means so far. We havent gotten the closest to the sun, but were still pretty close.. The Solar Orbiter project had a few primary goals.. The first was to study and figure out where the suns magnetic field and solar wind plasma originate in the Suns corona.. They also want to observe solar, transients solar eruptions, solar dynamo and they hope to capture images that show us all of these phenomena in detail.. In July of 2020, the Solar Orbiter sent back the first images from its project, and these images are the closest pictures ever captured of the sun, and they also give us more of an insight into what the suns surface might look like up. Close. Holly Gilbert one of NASAs project scientists for this mission said that these images will be extremely important in helping us figure out the suns atmospheric layers, which, in turn, should also help us figure out how the suns atmosphere influences the earths, atmosphere and climate.

. Not even NASA and the ESA expected the Solar Orbiter to start sending images over to NASA so quickly.. It had only been 4 and a half months since it was launched into orbit, and it was already close enough to send incredibly detailed images of the sun.. It was also incredibly challenging for the scientists working at the two space agencies to cooperate during the pandemic, which had ravaged much of the world, including the offices of these two space agencies.. Due to the pandemic, they had to perform all critical operations remotely something they had. Never done before. The reason why this spacecraft was able to capture an image of the sun so soon into the mission, despite it not being expected to begin its orbit until November of 2021. Is that it had an unexpected encounter with ATLAS on June 1 and 6, which required it to go off course, slightly. Doing so put it within 48 million miles of the Sun, making it close enough for all of its 10 instruments, including its 6 imaging instruments to Automatically activate and since the spacecraft happened to face the sun, it captures the closest image of the sun in history.. There have been spacecraft that have actually gotten much closer to the sun in the past, but none of them were facing the sun, so they simply werent able to capture images of it.. When talking about the unprecedented images captured by the Solar, Orbiter spacecraft, David Berghmans, the principal investigator at the Royal Observatory of Belgium in Brussels said The campfires we are talking about here are the little nephews of solar flares, at least a million, perhaps a billion times smaller.

When looking at the new high resolution, EUI images, they are literally everywhere, we look., We still dont, know exactly what these little campfires as he calls them are, but theyre believed to be mini explosions that are known as nanoflares, which are believed to play a factor in Warming up the suns outer atmosphere and are around 300 times hotter than the suns surface.. The light patterns that were shown in the images also gave scientists who were studying them at the observatories, more confidence that when Solar Orbiter gets closer to the sun, it would effectively be able to capture the solar winds around the sun. For the first time in history.. German scientist, Sami Solanki said The magnetic structures we see at the visible surface, show that PHI is receiving top quality data were prepared for great science as more of the Suns poles come into view. For the next few months. The Solar Orbiter was generally quiet until in February of 2021, about a year after its initial launch, the Solar Orbiter captured something incredible. The first ever Solar Eruption ever captured by a spacecraft., Capturing and studying these solar eruptions was one of the main goals of the Solar Orbiter and its incredible that one was captured before its mission is even set to begin in November of 2021, and it shows how The Solar Orbiter has already been one of NASAs most successful projects in the 21st century., However, since the sensors of the spacecraft would fully become operational until November of this year.

The images that were captured by this spacecraft of the solar eruptions is rather grainy and difficult to comprehend, but theyre still some of the most unique images captured in history, at least when it comes to space.. If you pay close attention to this, clip that was released by NASA in March youll be able to see the quick blast of solar particles known as Coronal, mass ejection or CME escaping the sun, which is on the upper right side of the screen. Out of the cameras view., There is significant distortion in the images as they had to be heavily compressed in order for us to see it here on earth on time, but its still incredible what this spacecraft was able to capture when only 15 of its sensors were Working while it wasnt even facing the sun directly., Once again, the team of scientists working at NASA and the ESA werent expecting to capture this moment and its being described as a happy accident on the NASA website.. The Solar Orbiter had just made its way from behind the sun when seen from the earths perspective and the team wasnt expecting any data to be sent back during this time. But due to the significant upgrades made at the ground level on earth, they were able to stay linked to the Solar Orbiter for a much longer time than they had previously expected. So the limited sensors of the Solar Orbiter were able to detect the solar explosion and immediately send the results to the US Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D.

C. capturing a CME for the first time in human history. This is an incredible feat, as NASA has been trying to observe solar explosions for the good part of almost three decades now, but this small spacecraft managed to capture it before its official mission. Even began.. The Solar Orbiter is looking to be the spacecraft that might just change the way we see and understand the sun for good., So whats next for the Solar Orbiter Well, despite having captured a solar explosion, its still a grainy clip that it sent over and isnt even Close to what its actually capable of., The clip was a nice little surprise for the researchers working on this project. But the real fun is when the mission officially begins.. If everything goes to plan, the mission should begin in November of 2021 as weve already mentioned.. By then, the Solar Orbiter will go into full science mode.. It will capture the most incredible images of the sun and its atmosphere, along with various phenomena related to the sun and well be able to remotely observe them right here on Earth. We will be getting highly detailed, looks into the suns surface, how it is evolving and How the sun might affect the planet and its climate., It may even help us solve some of the problems related to climate change, but thats far in the future of this mission.. For now, we should just expect to see the sun in a way that weve never seen before.

Its no surprise that NASA and the ESA, along with the space and scientific community in general, can barely hide their excitement when talking about this project and for good reason.. The sun, despite being so close to us, still has a lot of mysteries surrounding it, and if we can get to the bottom of some of these mysteries, it would help us out here on earth in more ways than you can imagine.. The total mission duration is set to last up to 10 years for the Solar Orbiter, and we cant wait to see the results. And thats a wrap for this video.

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Written by freotech

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