Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex, SpaceX, NASA, Falcon 9 Meet NASA's new X-ray telescope launching on a SpaceX rocket

The imaging x, ray, polar imagery, explorer or xp will study x rays from some of the most extreme objects in the universe like black holes in a new way, xp will look at a special property of x rays that has gone mostly unexplored. Until now, its called polarization x rays come from the hottest places in the universe. Imagine powerful explosions, violent collisions and strong magnetic fields. Creating chaos in the darkness of deep space x, ray telescopes can trace clouds of gas heated to millions of degrees and detect the shower of particles, fueled by a feeding black hole, building on the discoveries of nasas chandra x, ray observatory and other space telescopes xp measures. The orientation of x rays from some of the most brilliant and bizarre objects in space, like all forms of light x rays, consist of moving electric and magnetic waves, usually the peaks and valleys of these waves move in random directions. Polarized light is more organized with the two types of waves vibrating in the same direction. You might have heard of polarized sunglasses, boaters and fishermen use these lenses to reduce glare from sunlight across a body of water. Water reflects light in a way that causes some of it to vibrate in a direction parallel to the water surface, polarized lenses block light moving horizontally, but let other light through much like the way light changes when it bounces off of water in space light becomes polarized Depending on where it comes from and what it passes through by measuring the amount and direction of polarization, xp gives us clues about the shapes structures and inner workings of all types of objects that shine in bright x rays.

The ixby observatory has three identical: telescopes, with three main parts mirrors detectors and an extendable mast or boom that separates them. Each mirror assembly contains 24 nested mirrors that collect and focus x rays, located at the focal point of the mirrors, sensitive detectors made with international partners. In italy, are the secret behind ixpes, unique x, ray vision they track and measure all four properties of incoming light, its arrival time direction, energy and, most importantly, polarization over the two years of its prime mission. Xp will observe more than 50 brilliant objects like the leftovers of huge stars that exploded into supernovae the supermassive black hole at the heart of our own milky way, galaxy and pulsars. The dense remains of stars that once were these observations will help scientists tackle long standing puzzles like testing competing theories about pulsars and the details of how einsteins theory of general relativity works.

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Written by freotech


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